We had a listener call
last weekend who was considering purchasing a car from a private seller. We get questions like this pretty regularly. Luckily, in this case, the seller was someone the lady knew and trusted, but most times when people are considering buying from a private seller, theyíve found them online, in a newspaper ad, or stopped to look at a vehicle parked with a for sale sign on it.
Private Seller VS Dealership
I have been asked many times over the years about buying a used car from a private seller versus a dealership. Unbiased, I am always a fan of buying a factory certified car when available, but usually those are only a few years old and many people cannot afford them. There are also benefits to purchasing a non-certified car from a reputable new car dealership. The good dealers are careful what they sell and wonít sell a used car until it has been thoroughly checked over.
There are a lot of people who need to buy the nearly impossible to find $5000 used car. I addressed this in my video tip-of-the-week
just last week, but there are many more who need a used car from $7500 to $12,500 and often they turn to private sellers, which is fine if you do your homework and proceed with caution.
One thing I really like about private sellers is the ability to ask questions about prior maintenance, type of oil used, previous accidents, etc. My experience with most people is they will be honest about what a car needs in the way of repairs, and often this info is invaluable. While there are pluses to buying from previous owners, there are things to be aware of too.
First and foremost, watch out for your personal safety. Even if the seller wants to converse by text or email, insist on a phone conversation before agreeing to look at the vehicle. You cannot sense scams or nervousness over a machine. After a phone conversation, if you are feeling confident about the seller, arrange a meeting in a very public and very safe place. More and more, police stations are accommodating transactions at their stations. Worst case, use a 7-11, a Starbucks, or a busy gas station like QT or RaceTrac.
When You Meet The Seller
Meet your seller and have a clear copy of your driverís license with you, but cross out your address where it is unreadable. Insist on driving the car alone and set a time limit, say 10 minutes, and leave the seller at the meeting place. If at this time, you are ready to buy the car, ask about the title and if there is money owed on the car. Online you can find what your stateís title should look like. It is a good idea to check a history report, I recommend AutoCheck.com
, but any of them are better than none. You are looking for odometer issues, previous wreck damage, or flood damage.
Donít Buy On the Spot
Donít finalize the deal on the spot. Do your negotiations the following day if you want the vehicle. Settle on the price, then arrange a second meeting to exchange money and title (after you are confident the title is in order). Meeting at a bank and doing a wire transfer is the safest way, next preferred way is cashierís check. Go online and get a generic Bill of Sale, and be sure to look at the sellerís driverís license to make sure it matches the name on the title. This should complete your transaction.
Be Cautious of Dealers Poised As Private Sellers
Something to be cautious of, if you feel any pressure from the seller, it is probably because it is a used car dealer trying to disguise himself as a private seller. This is a huge red flag to move on to a different car.
This sounds like a long process, but it really isnít. The worst thing that can happen is that you buy a stolen car, a car with many previous issues, or getting a car with a lot of problems. You canít 100% guard against this, but following this guide will minimize your exposure.