Tesla’s claim that its Model S received a record-breaking safety rating from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration is raising a few eyebrows, with some critics, including NHTSA, claiming the automaker is bending numbers to make its all-electric sedan look like the safest car on the road.
Tesla’s Model S did indeed achieve a 5-star overall safety rating from NHTSA. Nobody is debating that, but here’s the rub: Tesla is claiming to have actually exceeded the 5-star mark.
Tesla is saying they have the safest car-or at least have achieved the top NHTSA vehicle safety score ever-and that’s not in line with NHTSA’s guidelines.
“NHTSA does not publish a star rating above 5,” said Tesla in its original press release, “however safety levels better than 5 stars are captured in the overall Vehicle Safety Score (VSS) provided to manufacturers, where the Model S achieved a new combined record of 5.4 stars.”
Although derived from the same test data, VSS scores are not intended to be reported according to the NHTSA’s 5-star scale, meaning that the automaker is making certain assumptions in order to project a combined 5.4-star rating. Tesla claims this score is the “best safety rating of any car ever tested,” exceeding even all SUVs and minivans, and sets a “new NHTSA vehicle safety score record.”
That’s a no-no, according to NHTSA.
“NHTSA does not rate vehicles beyond 5 stars and does not rank or order vehicles within the star rating categories,” explained NHTSA through a statement on the agency’s website. The statement pointed to NHTSA’s communication usage guidelines, which further stipulates that “NHTSA strongly discourages the use of potentially misleading words such as ‘perfect,’ ‘safest,’ ‘flawless’ or ‘best in class’ to describe the star rating received by the vehicle.”